Alopecia Areata – Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Causes Of Alopecia Areata:

This is an autoimmune condition, where the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy hair follicles causing hair loss. Luckily, the damage to the follicle is not permanent and can be reversed if caught and treated effectively. The causes and reason why the immune system attacks the hair follicles are not clear, however, it can affect children and adults of any age and gender.

Symptoms of Alopecia Areata:

Alopecia Areata may start by affecting a small area, where the hair begins to fall out, resulting in smooth, round bald patches on the scalp or body. In rare cases, it may cause the complete loss of hair over the scalp and body.

Although a reversible condition in most cases, Alopecia Areata needs to be diagnosed and treated for the individual to regain their lost hair. As hair plays an important role in an individual’s appearance, hair loss due to Alopecia can leave one feeling unattractive and under confident.

Diagnosis of Alopecia Areata:

Diagnoses is essential for the correct treatment of the chronic disorder. The medical practitioner requires a through a medical history and physical examination, along with the inspection of the scalp. Usually, the ailment is easily diagnosed through the physical appearance of the round bald spots. To identify the causes, diagnostic tests such as blood tests, for conditions, such as a hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. A skin biopsy may also be performed.

Treatment of Alopecia Areata:

This condition is a naturally reversible condition in most cases, the hair usually starts growing back within the year. However, the recurrence of the ailment cannot be ruled out.

Conventional Treatment:

The treatment for hair loss in conventional medicine is typically injections of corticosteroids into the scalp or skin every 4 to 6 weeks.

In some cases, patients may be treated with topical corticosteroids that can be applied to the affected skin. Minoxidil is also readily prescribed to promote hair regrowth in conventional treatment. However, the conventional treatment has a bundle of side effects, which may affect the patient adversely.

Homeopathic Treatment for Alopecia Areata

Homeopathy treatment of Alopecia Areata is an alternative form of treatment that has gained immense popularity due to its safe and side effect free remedies. Alopecia treatment in homeopathy is highly individualised and requires a thorough evaluation of the patient’s history along with a study of their emotional and physical composition. After the correct diagnosis, individualised remedies are prescribed to each patient.

Alopecia Areata treatment in Homeopathy is all natural and with no side effects, hence is suitable for all ages.

If individuals choose to not treat the condition and wait for the natural growth cycle to kick in. One can also wear hairpieces over their scalp with glue, metal clips, or tape. Covering the bald patches using certain hair styling products and techniques can also be used to make hair appear thicker is also a simple cosmetic alternative.